Sujet Anglais LV 2 Ecricome 2008

1 – VERSION

New exam for aspiring Americans

Federal immigration authorities on Thursday unveiled 100 new questions that immigrants will have to study in order to pass a civics test to become naturalized American citizens. The redesign of the test, the first since it was created in 1986 as a standardized examination, follows years of criticism in which conservative groups said the test was too easy and advocates for immigration said it was too hard.

The new questions did little to quell that debate among many immigrant groups, who complained the test would become even more daunting.
Several historians said the new questions successfully incorporated more ideas about the workings of U.S. democracy and better touched upon the diversity of the groups – including women, American Indians and African Americans – that have influenced the country’s history.

Alfonso Aguilar, a senior official at Citizenship and Immigration Services*, the agency that designs and administers the test, said it was not intended to be punitive. “We don’t seek to fail anyone.”

Immigration officials said they sought to move away from civics trivia to emphasize basic concepts about the structure of government and American history and geography. In contrast to the old test, which some immigrants could pass without any study, the officials said the new one is intended to force even highly educated applicants to do some reviewing.

The International Herald Tribune, 29-30 September, 2007

*Traduire le nom propre

2 – THÈME

1. Mes parents avaient approuvé notre mariage mais les siens, dont la fortune était énorme, s’y étaient opposés.

2. L’avion a dû atterrir il y a longtemps car les passagers ont déjà tous quitté l’aéroport.

3. Quand il verra les chiffres, il comprendra pourquoi on dit que la compagnie est de moins en moins rentable.

4. Voila huit mois que nous vivons à l’étranger, nous commençons à avoir le mal du pays.

5. Faire changer vos pneus, quel qu’en soit le prix, serait beaucoup plus sûr.

6. Plus les pénalités seront draconiennes, moins les employeurs embaucheront des travailleurs clandestins.

7. En juillet dernier, les matières premières représentaient presque le tiers des coûts de production de cette entreprise.

8. Nous préférerions y aller en avion, mais en raison de la grève il nous faudra prendre le train.

9. Vos employés s’attendent à ce que vous les écoutiez de temps en temps, n’est-ce pas?

10. Votre travail consiste à faire acheter nos produits par le client, que cela vous plaise ou non.

3 – ESSAI

Les candidats traiteront l’un des deux sujets d’essai proposés et indiqueront le nombre de mots employés (de 225 à 275).

1. The British Health Secretary recently stated that obesity has become as great a threat to society as global warming. How valid is this comparison?

2. Could the consumer society manage without advertising?